Les Andes péruviennes à l'heure des agricultures durables : Réflexions sur la transition agroécologique et ses verrouillages socio-techniques à Cusco

Abstract : Since the end of the 20th century, new models of sustainable agriculture (organic farming, agroecology, permaculture, etc.) emerged in the North and in the South to respond to the contemporary systemic crisis. The Cusco region, in the heart of Peruvian Andes, became established as an archetypal globalised territory, where endogen and exogenous, modern and traditional influences converge. As such, it constitutes a perfect laboratory to analyse this transition process toward more sustainable agri-food systems. Sustainable agricultures were first developed in the area to meet the market demand from Western countries and, more recently, that of the local level. This thesis identifies the factors and rationales behind the adoption or non-adoption by producers of these agro-ecological, commercial, social, socio-territorial and politico-cultural innovations. On a broader level, the study tries to decipher transition paths based on a categorisation of weak and strong sustainability. Through this analytical framework, the field study highlights the hybridization of different logics and approaches of sustainability within most of the individual and collective strategies. These hybridization and diversification processes appear as necessary conditions toward transition but face a twofold challenge. On one hand, more and more multifaceted initiatives for the conventionalization of the alternatives (weak sustainability) tend to reproduce some limits of the conventional socio-technical regime. On the other hand, the propositions put forward for a systemic redesign such as agroecology (strong sustainability) are confronted with socio-technical lock-ins generated by this same conventional regime.
Document type :
Theses
Complete list of metadatas

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01868285
Contributor : Abes Star <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, September 5, 2018 - 12:09:07 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 11, 2019 - 12:10:25 PM
Long-term archiving on : Thursday, December 6, 2018 - 3:44:35 PM

File

margaux-girard_3285.pdf
Version validated by the jury (STAR)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-01868285, version 1

Collections

Citation

Margaux Girard. Les Andes péruviennes à l'heure des agricultures durables : Réflexions sur la transition agroécologique et ses verrouillages socio-techniques à Cusco. Histoire. Université d'Orléans, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017ORLE1156⟩. ⟨tel-01868285⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

208

Files downloads

98