Intangible Risks of the Musical World/ Part 3: Where Value-Raising Strategies Hinder Necessary Social and Cognitive Interactions

Abstract : Going beyond the potential risks engendered by the various ideologies of the world of music, this article explores the ideologies through which the musical world explains and promotes the power of its art. For musicians, these ideologies are therefore less easy to separate from how they conceive of the means and ends of their work as musicians. The first phase of this study examines the use and effects of a generally tacit antagonism that appeared in the late 18th Century and that made culture either into a collectively emancipating tool carried by reference works, or into an instrument of expression and individualization in the service of human personal development. A misunderstood mixture of these two hardly reconcilable conceptions can cause instrumentalists to be lured by certain perverse legends found in this milieu, or to develop defensive ideologies leading them to accept situations of occupational suffering or to reject routines nonetheless necessary for their work. This hypothesis can help elucidate a number of phenomena as diverse as the debilitating or facilitating effects of orchestra musicians' social-professional backgrounds; insolvable concerns about one's identity or affiliations generated by society's cultural policies in the second half of the 20th Century; belated (yet accepted) granting of social benefits and occupational rights in the name of the vocational and individualistic regime of an artistic elite; or the presence of rituals and defensive strategies that can be likened to the ordalic behaviors and forms of occupational alienation studied by Christophe Dejours. According to Pierre-Michel Menger's analyses, the musical world provides an excellent field of application — or even a laboratory — for the shift in company management from a qualification-based logic to a competency-based one, and in return, public forms of value-placing on the figure of the artist should be carefully analyzed in higher music education so they will not lay a trap for musicians likely to fall prey to them.
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Submitted on : Monday, February 8, 2016 - 11:32:08 PM
Last modification on : Friday, June 14, 2019 - 1:28:35 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-01271273, version 1

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Laurent Guirard. Intangible Risks of the Musical World/ Part 3: Where Value-Raising Strategies Hinder Necessary Social and Cognitive Interactions. Médecine des arts, Ayssènes : Médecine des arts, 2008, 63, pp.30-37. ⟨hal-01271273⟩

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