Design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of novel Tomentosin derivatives in NMDA-induced excitotoxicity - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Pharmaceuticals Year : 2022

Design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of novel Tomentosin derivatives in NMDA-induced excitotoxicity

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Abstract

N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor stimulation may lead to excitotoxicity, which triggers neuronal death in brain disorders. In addition to current clinical therapeutic approaches, treatment strategies by phytochemicals or their derivatives are under investigation for neurodegenerative diseases. In the present study, novel amino and 1,2,3-triazole derivatives of tomentosin were prepared and tested for their protective and anti-apoptotic effects in NMDA-induced excitotoxicity. Amino-tomentosin derivatives were generated through a diastereoselective conjugate addition of several secondary amines to the α-methylene-γ-butyrolactone function, while the 1,2,3-triazolo-tomentosin was prepared by a regioselective Michael-type addition carried out in the presence of trimethylsilyl azide (TMSN3) and the α-methylene-γ-lactone function. The intermediate key thus obtained underwent 1,3-dipolar Huisgen cycloaddition using a wide range of terminal alkynes. The possible effects of the derivatives on cell viability and free-radical production following NMDA treatment were measured by Water-Soluble Tetrazolium Salts (WST-1) and Dichlorofluorescein Diacetate (DCF-DA) assays, respectively. The alterations in apoptosis-related proteins were examined by Western blot technique. Our study provides evidence that synthesized triazolo- and amino-tomentosin derivatives show neuroprotective effects by increasing cellular viability, decreasing ROS production, and increasing the Bcl-2/Bax ratio in NMDA-induced excitotoxicity. The findings highlight particularly 2e, 2g, and 6d as potential regulators and neuroprotective agents in NMDA overactivation.
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Dates and versions

hal-03890857 , version 1 (13-12-2022)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Mohamed Zaki, Mohammed Loubidi, Tuğçe Bilgiç, Derviş Birim, Mohamed Akssira, et al.. Design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of novel Tomentosin derivatives in NMDA-induced excitotoxicity. Pharmaceuticals, 2022, 15 (4), pp.421. ⟨10.3390/ph15040421⟩. ⟨hal-03890857⟩
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