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Stéréotypes ethniques et “sagesses barbares” dans l’élaboration des normes identitaires du citoyen romain : l’exemple des Gaulois

Abstract : The Romans have built their identity against the barbarians, while they outlined the differences between themselves and the Greeks. Using pre-existing stereotypes, the authors of the Roman Republic, and especially Cicero, specify these images: the ones they call "barbari" are characterized by a series of faults, divided into two broad categories, vanitas and feritas, present in varying degrees in different peoples. In opposition to these figures the Romans precise the outlines of the civis Romanus defined as the symbol of humanitas and holding the standards of civilization - of which the figure of the orator is the epitome. The normative representations change, as we can see with the image of the Gauls moving from feritas to vanitas after they are conquered by Caesar. The dichotomy between the Roman model and the stereotypes of "barbari" faces the "alien wisdom" (A. Momigliano), that some authors try to incorporate in their identity strategy, until a new "alien wisdm", that is Christianity, completely change the situation.
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Contributor : Emilia Ndiaye Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, September 23, 2021 - 10:40:27 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 12, 2021 - 5:20:53 PM

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Emilia Ndiaye. Stéréotypes ethniques et “sagesses barbares” dans l’élaboration des normes identitaires du citoyen romain : l’exemple des Gaulois. Tanja Itgenshorst, Philippe Le Doze. La norme sous la République romaine et le Haut-Empire, Élaboration, diffusion et contournements, 96, Ausonius Editions, pp.171-187, 2017, Scripta Antiqua, 978-2-35613-180-5. ⟨hal-03352383⟩

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