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Physicochemical and thermal analysis of argan fruit residues (AFRs) as a new local biomass for bioenergy production

Abstract : A detailed investigation of the physicochemical properties and thermal characteristics of argan fruit residues (AFRs) was carried out to identify their potential application as biofuels. This experimental study covered the four main by-products of argan fruit: argan pulp (AP), argan nut shell (ANS), argan oilcake (AOC) and argan deoiled cake (ADC). Physicochemical analysis was performed to characterize biomass-based materials. Thermogravimetric techniques (TG, DTG and DTA) were applied to assess structural decomposition, biomass reactivity and combustion parameters. Lastly, thermal conductivity and diffusivity between 25 and 100 °C were measured using the transient plane source technique (TPS). The study shows that heating values were in the range of 17–22.5 MJ kg−1, which is comparable to those of wood pellets and lignite coal. The maximum ash content was found in AP and the minimum in ANS. The residual oil of AOC was found to affect the drying process and calorific value. Thermal analysis showed that ANS has the highest ignition temperature and thermal conductivity values and therefore appears to be the most reactive material. Our data show that ANS has a good potential to produce heat through direct combustion. A pretreatment appears to be necessary to improve the characteristics of AP and AOC in order to make them suitable biofuels in the near future.
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https://hal-univ-orleans.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02928891
Contributor : Christian Chauveau <>
Submitted on : Thursday, September 3, 2020 - 7:49:50 AM
Last modification on : Friday, September 4, 2020 - 3:26:31 AM

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Yassine Rahib, Brahim Sarh, Jamal Chaoufi, Sylvie Bonnamy, Abdallah Elorf. Physicochemical and thermal analysis of argan fruit residues (AFRs) as a new local biomass for bioenergy production. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, Springer Verlag, 2020, ⟨10.1007/s10973-020-09804-7⟩. ⟨hal-02928891⟩

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