L’incompréhension de la place prise par les plans d’eau dans l’Union européenne et ses conséquences réglementaires

Abstract : The 2015 deadline set by the European Water Framework Directive (EWTD) is an opportunity to rectify some European regulatory policies by adapting them to the social needs according to scientists’ criticisms. It particularly concerns the waterbodies named “lakes”. Concerning indicators, thresholds, objectives and especially the definition of waterbodies, there is an important discrepancy between the reality on the ground, science and the regulations. Obsessed by large lakes, people forget that waterbodies are mostly represented by the smallest water objects both natural and artificial, present for hundreds or even thousands years, and responding to human societies’ needs. So, the EWFD identifies in EU state members only 7.000 lakes while, in reality, our transposition of current frameworks by geographical belts shows that this territory contains more than 3.5 million waterbodies. This very high difference, partly incurred, partly intentional, causes many protests and prejudices the effectiveness of the Directive.
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https://hal-univ-orleans.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02113613
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Submitted on : Monday, April 29, 2019 - 8:47:42 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 30, 2019 - 1:37:32 AM

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Pascal Bartout. L’incompréhension de la place prise par les plans d’eau dans l’Union européenne et ses conséquences réglementaires. Norois, Presses universitaires de Rennes, 2015, pp.17-36. ⟨10.4000/norois.5608⟩. ⟨hal-02113613⟩

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