Sur les plateaux du sud-est du Bassin parisien. Un modèle de développement agricole (XVIIIe-XXe siècle) ?

Abstract : The 1992 reform of the European common agricultural policy set up compensatory amounts for each hectare of cultivated cereal, oilseed, and protein crops and thereby validated the model of agricultural development adopted since the 1970s on the southeastern plateaus of the Paris Basin (Lower Burgundy, the Langres Plateau, and the Barrois Plateau). However, these limestone plateaus are characterized by severe agricultural constraints on field-crop cultivation (such as pebbly soils) as well as by a long history of demographic emptiness. Moreover, they hardly followed a linear upward trajectory in the past. After decades of agricultural crisis, there came at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries a modernizing phase of milk specialization, while the field-crop cultivation of wheat, barley, and rapeseed is a rather recent development. According to geographers, the agricultural and rural development of these regions since the beginning of the 20th century was dominated by one common theme, namely the paradox of agricultural wealth achieved by default despite weak demography and the loss of rural vitality. The paper shows that agricultural adaptation to demographic weakness also depends on agricultural and technical choices entailing organized agricultural development strategies.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 14, 2019 - 2:06:31 PM
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Geneviève Pierre. Sur les plateaux du sud-est du Bassin parisien. Un modèle de développement agricole (XVIIIe-XXe siècle) ?. Histoire et sociétés rurales, Association d'histoire des sociétés rurales/Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 2012, 38 (2), pp.119-152. ⟨hal-02067870⟩

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