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Two-Colour Sum-Frequency Generation Spectroscopy Coupled to Plasmonics with the CLIO Free Electron Laser

Abstract : Nonlinear plasmonics requires the use of high-intensity laser sources in the visible and near/mid-infrared spectral ranges to characterise the potential enhancement of the vibrational fingerprint of chemically functionalised nanostructured interfaces aimed at improving the molecular detection threshold in nanosensors. We used Two-Colour Sum-Frequency Generation (2C-SFG) nonlinear optical spectroscopy coupled to the European CLIO Free Electron Laser in order to highlight an energy transfer in organic and inorganic interfaces built on a silicon substrate. We evidence that a molecular pollutant, such as thiophenol molecules adsorbed on small gold metal nanospheres grafted on silicon, was detected at the monolayer scale in the 10 µm infrared spectral range, with increasing SFG intensity of three specific phenyl ring vibration modes reaching two magnitude orders from blue to green–yellow excitation wavelengths. This observation is related to a strong plasmonic coupling to the thiophenol molecules vibrations. The high level of gold nanospheres aggregation on the substrate allows us to dramatically increase the presence of hotspots, revealing collective plasmon modes based on strong local electric fields between the gold nanoparticles packed in close contact on the substrate. This configuration favors detection of Raman active vibration modes, for which 2C-SFG spectroscopy is particularly efficient in this unusual infrared spectral range.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03544635
Contributor : Christophe HUMBERT Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, January 26, 2022 - 6:08:39 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, July 5, 2022 - 10:13:21 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, April 27, 2022 - 7:28:41 PM

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Humbert Christophe, Olivier Pluchery, Emmanuelle Lacaze, Bertrand Busson, Abderrahmane Tadjeddine. Two-Colour Sum-Frequency Generation Spectroscopy Coupled to Plasmonics with the CLIO Free Electron Laser. Photonics, MDPI, 2022, 9 (2), pp.55. ⟨10.3390/photonics9020055⟩. ⟨hal-03544635⟩

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